Pectus excavatum is a Latin term for “hollowed chest,” a malformation of the rib cage characterized by a sternum that caves in, causing a sunken appearance in the chest wall. Also known as “funnel chest” or “cobbler’s chest,” pectus excavatum is usually congenital and cases may range from mild to severe.
Presentation: History . patient may report a sudden pop or tearing sensation with resisted adduction and internal rotation; Symptoms . pain and weakness of shoulder; Physical exam . inspection & palpation. swelling and ecchymosis of anterolateral chest wall and/or proximal medial brachium. if localized to the anterior brachium, then humeral attachment rupture is more likely than a …
Clinical case: Pectoralis minor syndrome. Author: Carlos A. Suárez-Quian PhD • Reviewer: Joel A. Vilensky PhD Last reviewed: August 31, 2020 Reading time: 14 minutes This clinical case is about a female which presents with recurrent swelling, pain, numbness, and tingling of the upper extremity due to an obstruction of the neurovascular bundle by the pectoralis minor muscle.
Poland syndrome is a congenital anomaly in which there is a malformation of the chest causing the pectoralis major on one side of the body to be absent.
Malformations of cortical development are structural abnormalities of the cerebral cortex (the grey matter that lines the surface of the brain), which arise due to the abnormal formation of the cerebral cortex in early (intrauterine) life.
Cavernous malformations are formed from groups of tightly packed, abnormally thin-walled, small blood vessels that displace normal neurological tissue in the brain or spinal cord. The vessels are filled with slow-moving or stagnant blood that is usually clotted or in a state of decomposition.
A sharply defined, flat vascular blemish of the skin is termed a capillary malformation and is usually known as a port-wine stain. It may appear as speckles forming little islands of color or may cover a huge surface area. These malformations are commonly observed on the head and neck but can be present on any part of the body.
Venous malformations (VMs) are a type of type of vascular malformation that results from veins that have developed abnormally, which stretch or enlarge over time. VMs can be extremely painful and sensitive. A VM usually looks like a bluish discoloration. It can be a single lesion or it may be one of many.
A venous malformation is defined as a simple malformation with slow flow and an abnormal venous network. However, confusion in terminology, with misnomers such as hemangioma, cavernous hemangioma, phlebangioma, and phlebangiomatosis, continues to be responsible for improper diagnosis and illogical treatment.
L’absence totale ou partielle du muscle grand pectoral est la malformation qui définit le Syndrome de Poland. The complete or partial absence of the pectoralis muscle is the malformation that defines Poland syndrome.